Solar Energy Systems Potential and Using PV Panels for Achieving Net Zero Energy Residential Buildings

Document Type : Original Article

Author

South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

     Solar energy systems are currently the most widely installed renewable energy systems in the building sector in an effort to reduce the energy consumption of buildings. This paper investigates solar potential regarding photovoltaic and solar thermal utilization in typical residential buildings in order to identify their impact towards Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB). Different options regarding the installed capacity of photovoltaics and solar combi systems in various locations and climatic conditions are evaluated from a technical as well as from an economic point of view. The study starts with the analysis of the current situation of both the existing buildings and the energy sector in Egypt and Greece, analyzing the energy consumption patterns and the inefficiencies leading to these patterns, then defining the nZEB concept to familiarize the reader with its different aspects. The empirical part of the study utilizes simulation to validate the proposed guideline by applying it on an already existing residential building. The detailed steps of converting an already existing residential building to an nZEB is the final outcome of the research.

Keywords

[1] Eehc, “Annual Report 2013/2014.” p. 56, 2015. 
 
[2] Unep Sbci, “Buildings and climate change: a summary for decision-makers,” United Nations Environ. Program. Sustain. Build. Clim. Initiat. Paris, pp. 1–62, 2009. 
 
[3] CPMAS, “Summary for Policymakers,” 2013. 
 
[4] L. Pérez-Lombard, J. Ortiz, and C. Pout, “A review on buildings energy consumption information,” Energy Build., vol. 40, pp. 394–398, 2008. 
 
[5] S. Attia, A Tool for Design Decision Making, vol. 1. 2013.
 
[6] S. Attia, A. Evrard, and E. Gratia, “Development of benchmark models for the Egyptian residential buildings sector,” Appl. Energy, vol. 94, no. 2012, pp. 270–284, 2012. 
 
 [7] L. Wang, J. Gwilliam, and P. Jones, “Case study of zero energy house design in UK,” Energy Build., vol. 41, pp. 1215–1222, 2009. 
 
[8] a Hermelink, S. Schimschar, T. Boermans, L. Pagliano, P. Zangheri, R. Armani, K. Voss, and E. Musall, “Towards nearly zero- energy buildings Definition of common principles under the EPBD Final report Towards nearly zero-energy buildings Definition of common principles under the EPBD,” p. 467, 2013. 
 
[9] S. Deng, R. Z. Wang, and Y. J. Dai, “How to evaluate performance of net zero energy building - A literature research,” Energy, vol. 71, pp. 1–16, 2014. 
 
 [10] European Commission, “Directive 20/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast),” Off. J. Eur. Communities, pp. 13–35, 2010. 
 
[11] Directive 2009/28/EC, 2009. On the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources.
[12] Directive 2010/31/EC, 2010. On the Energy Performance of Buildings. Argiriou, A., Klitsikas, N., Balaras, C.A., Asimakopoulos, D.N., 1997.Active solar space heating of residential buildings in northern Hellas—a case study. Energy Build. 26, 215–221.
 
[13] Asimakopoulos, D.A., Santamouris, M., Farrou, I., Laskari, M., Saliari, C., Zerefos, S.C., Antonakaki, T., Giannakopoulos, C., June 2012. Modelling the energy demand projection of the building sector in Greece in the 21st century. Energy Build 49, 488–498.
 
[14] Law B1079/2009, 2014. Special Program for Development of PV Systems in Residential Buildings (in Greek).
[15] Law B3583/2014, 2014. Production of Renewable Energy Sources from self-producers with net metering in accordance with Law 3468/2006 (in Greek).
[16] Brinkworth, B.J., 2001. Solar DHW system performance correlation revisited. Sol Energy 71, 377–387.
[17] Chow, T.T., Fong, K.F., Chan, A.L.S., Lin, Z., 2006. Potential application of a centralized solar water-heating system for a high-rise residential building in Hong Kong. Appl. Energy 83, 42–54.
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
September 2020
Pages 33-46
  • Receive Date: 30 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 30 September 2023