Unlocking Environmental, Social, and Governance Advantages Through Hygiene Management in Plumbing Systems: The Smart U-Trap Refill Mechanism's Role in Pandemic Control

Document Type : Original Article


Independent researcher, Livonia, Michigan, USA


Efficient and hygienic plumbing systems are paramount for maintaining the health and well-being of inhabitants in both residential and commercial spaces. Traditional U-trap systems play a vital role in preventing the ingress of foul odours, hazardous gases, and vermin from sewage lines into living and working areas. However, these U-trap systems have not been designed to address the challenges posed by infectious diseases. In response to this challenge, we present a groundbreaking solution – the Smart U-Trap Refill Mechanism called “Smart ESG U-traps”. This paper introduces the design, functioning principles, and potential benefits of this innovative refill mechanism, shedding light on its capacity to revolutionize the field of plumbing and sanitation. Through an interdisciplinary approach that combines principles of fluid dynamics, materials science, and engineering design, the Smart U-Trap Refill Mechanism addresses the synergy of U-Trap and Internet of Things technology. This synergy elevates the overall efficiency and reliability of real-time hygiene management in plumbing systems. The paper serves as a comprehensive guide for industry professionals, offering insights into the development, implementation, and advantages of our “Smart ESG U-traps” in various plumbing applications.


Volume 2, Issue 2 - Serial Number 4
September 2023
Pages 104-114
  • Receive Date: 02 March 2023
  • Revise Date: 08 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 10 March 2023